Installation Of Counter Tops

Sometimes home improvements were got very costly and due to this reason various people prefer to do most of the work by themselves. The good thing is that there are many home improvement projects available that can be easily done without the help of any professional, which can save a lot of money. The most popular and common home improvement project that is also very easy to do by ourselves is the installation of counter tops. If you want to do this project by yourself then there are several things which must have considered before starting your project. Obviously, the first step of this project is to buy a counter top for your home. Before buying a counter top for your home, first of all think that for which place you are buying this counter top and what is the purpose of this counter top, whether you want to install it in your kitchen or you want to install it in your bathroom.

The different materials of counter tops are used for different places like wooden counter tops are usually used in kitchens and stainless steel counter tops are widely used in bathrooms. So it is very important to choose the material of the counter top very carefully. After choosing the material of your counter top you have to select the color of your counter top. Of course color of the counter top depends on your choice but you may also select the color which suits better with the color of other interiors of your home. For example; if the color of most of the interiors of your home is black then a white counter top may be the best option for you. However a large range of counter top colors are available in the market like green, white, beige, red, blue, black etc. The various shades of different colors are also readily available. After purchasing a counter top, now it is the time of its installation. Before beginning any kind of installation make sure that the area where you want to install counter top is safe from mishaps.

Also make sure to remove all the drawers and sinks in order to protect them during installation. If you have already an existing counter top then remove it very carefully. In any kind of home improvement project proper measuring is the most important step. The wrong measuring might becomes the cause of wasted materials, extra work, wasted time and the most important an overall headache. So, measurement is a very important step and tries to do all measurements with the help of good quality and precise tools. The cutting of the counter top is also a very important step. Before starting cutting your counter top paste some masking tape along the cutting lines in order to prevent chipping. Try to cut your counter top precisely. After completing the cutting process apply some carpenters glue along the top of the cabinets to hold the counter top surface. Also attach some drywall screws in order to provide some extra support to your counter top.

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Salvia Divinorum First Time Usage Precautions

Have a sitter while you take Salvia:

Have a non-inebriated ?sitter? present for the duration of the herb?s effects. When under the influence of Salvia, people have been known to walk around completely unaware of their surroundings and will often have a blank look in their eyes, as if sleepwalking. It could be possible for someone in this state to walk into traffic, off a ledge, etc. Some have reported individuals stumbling about, knocking over objects, breaking glass items and the like. A friend who is not inebriated and preferably familiar with the effects of Salvia can act as a ?sitter? to protect you while you are in a Salvia Divinorum ?trance.? Some trances are mild and can be broken by a noise or turning on lights and opening your eyes. Oftentimes, the trance will come back if you return to quiet darkness. While it is important to have a ?sitter? with you each time you indulge in the use of Salvia, it is particularly so when you ?trip? for the first time when you are not yet used to its effects.

Buy From only Legitimate Online Sellers:

Salvia Divinorum is extremely sensitive to the body and can cause adverse effects some times, don?t worry It wont happen if you prefer buying salvia divinorum extracts only from legitimate online sellers who are transparent in explaining their production quality,? I have found such sellers like Fresh Salvia ( ,? potent salvia (, salvanoid etc. You can buy from any of the above one without hesitation.

A ?sitter? should always keep in mind that even if the person who has used the Salvia is ?freaking out,? the condition does not last long and it?s best to stay as calm as he or she can, using non-verbal reassurance to keep them from leaving a defined ?safe? area. The situation should improve within 10 to 60 minutes. It would be best if the ?sitter? would first read about the effects of Salvia so that he or she will be prepared ahead of time for what can happen.

Creating a safe space to experience the effects of Salvia that has been stripped of dangerous objects and surveyed for potential accidents is also quite helpful during your initial voyages. Those experienced in using Salvia divinorum suggest that the best way to use the herb is lying comfortably in a bed in a dimly lit room. They recommend you not smoke it while standing, make sure items like guns, knives, fire (matches, lighters, candles), and glass are not anywhere nearby, and unplug or turn off your phone to keep from being disturbed.

Plan your time by thinking carefully about any upcoming obligations to anyone will occur and choosing carefully a time during which you will not need to drive or participate in any activities for which you would need to be sober. An experienced user is likely to plan an entire day for using powerful entheogens so they won?t need to worry about when or how long they will be intoxicated. You should never operate a car or heavy machinery until the effect of the Salvia has completely worn off.

You should also think carefully about the medications and supplements you take that may cross-react with Salvia as mixing ingestions can lead to unexpected, unpleasant or dangerous results.

Neil Johson is an Legal Highs expert and has helped many to get over thier Salvia Divinorum ingesting heistations and doubts with natural cures. Find out more on? Salvia divinorum at Potent Salvia Divinorum Portal and learn how to Enhance your salvia experience.

Reinforcing the Magento Developer-Designer Relationship for a Successful Web Development Project

As much as powerful and efficient Magento is, building an ecommerce store on the same platform can be a sheer struggle. The advanced features and functionality that makes Magento the most acclaimed and leveraged ecommerce technology can also create challenging development situations for users.


One of the substantial forces that largely contribute to the success of a Magento development project is the designer-developer collaboration. ???


When working together effectively on a common endeavour, the designer-developer team is not only able to quickly resolve difficulties along the way and deliver on time but their coordination yields amazing results for the client too.? ?


Why Work Together

Traditionally, Magento developers and designers have entirely different roles to play.

While designers are supposed to focus on the look of the website and create visual elements through design tools like Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop, developers are responsible for making the aesthetics work.

Magento developers use CSS, Javascript, jQuery, HTML and other cutting-edge programming languages to code the website so that it can launched on the web for users to operate.

So, regardless of where both are geographically located, Magento developers and designers certainly need each other’s skills and assistance in order to make their ecommerce web development work.

In addition, here’s a quick rundown of advantages of collaborating for a Magento web design project.

Bring more experience, expertise and skills to the table
Persuasive brainstorming
Easily achieved goals of the project
Timely delivery
More room for creativity and innovation
A more refined end product
Opportunities to improve your knowledge across design/development field.

Communication is the Key

While designer-developer collaboration usually produces optimal outcomes, sometimes, even when the qualified designers and developers are in sync, the Magento development project fails.

More often than not, the reason is miscommunication. Working together alone doesn’t help you get through, getting in sync is what makes a real difference.

Not only does miscommunication between designers and developers botch the project but affects results negatively. As a result, professionals involved develop poor relationships and undermining their potential and hard work. ??

For a designer-developer team to be truly collaborate and make their project a big success, it is inevitably essential to start with a clear communication. Both the parties must sit together, create the big picture and make decisions.

The Final Note

Building a collaborative and communicative team is important to delivering successful Magento development projects. There will still be possible pitfalls and difficult situations after collaboration but then with capable designers/developers by your side, you will be able to find a way out easily as a team.

Whether you’re a highly qualified Magento developer in Sydney with specialised degrees in Magento development or a renowned web designer possessing years of hands-on experience, it is impossible to see the whole picture and create a practical situation for a web development undertaking without designer-developer alliance.

However, remember that effective collaboration is a skill you have to learn. But once you learn the skill, you save a lot of your time, money and effort by being present for each other to deal with issues in real-time and work for successful project delivery.? ?


Justine Williams is a technical content marketer with WebCircle who also specialises in Magento and ecommerce development consulting and helps magento web design firms across Australia with her knowledgeable counsel.

Why a home equity loan could be your answer to debt consolidation

The home equity loan can help you pay off debts as well as have some extra cash at hand!

Consolidation is now a possibility

With rising default rates and delinquencies, most people today are finding it increasingly difficult to manage their finances. From existing loans to credit cards to even medical expenses ? the average cost of living seems to have skyrocketed in all quarters. That?s where a home equity loan can come to the rescue. Every month the prospect of having to pay multiple bills of varying amounts can be a huge difficulty. Not only is it difficult to keep track of all these bills and expenses, the cumulative costs can work out to be very high. With a home equity loan you can pay just a single bill every month. This will help you plan finances and get you more organized as well.

Reduced interest rates

Most of the time existing credit card debts, loan outstanding amounts and other liabilities can involve huge interest rates and high expenses. A home equity loan can actually provide a reduced interest rate. The best thing is you get the entire loan amount in a lump sum. This helps you pay for any expenses towards your liabilities. You also get some extra cash at hand.

Tax savings

A home equity loan has a tremendous benefit in that it provides for significant tax benefits. You get to deduct your interest amount if you have a home equity loan. This is if the home equity loan is being used for purposes like education, consolidation of debts or even for the improvement of the home etc. You can consult with a tax advisor to check the possibilities.

Customized loan

The best thing about a home equity loan is that you get to choose the type that suits your unique requirements. You can choose a home equity loan with a fixed or adjustable interest rate. The fixed rate will entail a designated monthly payment that does not vary with time. The adjustable rate will vary depending on market conditions. You can also have the option of getting an adjustable rate home equity loan with a rate cap that has been established beforehand.

Free up cash

With a reduced interest rate and longer payment period, a home equity loan can offer significant advantages. For example for starters, it frees up extra cash ? so that you can utilize this amount for any home improvement modifications ? like maybe doing up the kitchen, or getting new furniture etc. Suddenly getting a home equity loan seems rewarding because now you not only get to pay off all your debts, you also actually get some cash at hand to use for other important things!

That?s just the beginning. To make an informed decision you need to find out ALL the details. You can do that at Home Equity Loan Lenders. Don?t delay as this could make a REAL difference in your life. Act today and reap the benefits of smart decisions.

The Pet Food Ingredient Game

About 25 years ago I began formulating pet foods at a time when the entire pet food industry seemed quagmire and focused on such things as protein and fat percentages without any real regard for ingredients. Since boot leather and soap could make a pet food with the ”ideal” percentages, it was clear that analytical percentages do not end the story about pet food value. I was convinced then, as I am now, that a food can be no better than the ingredients of which it is composed. Since this ingredient idea has caught on in the pet food industry, it has taken on a commercial life that distorts and perverts the meaning of the underlying philosophy of food quality and proper feeding practices. Is health reducible to which ingredients a commercial product does or does not have? As contradictory as it may seem to what I have just said, no it is not. Here’s why.

AAFCO Approval

The official Publication of the American Association of Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) gives wide latitude for ingredients that can be used in animal foods. As I have pointed out in my book, The Truth About Pet Foods, approved ingredients can include*:

dehydrated garbage

undried processed animal waste products

polyethylene roughage replacement (plastic)

hydrolyzed poultry feathers

hydrolyzed hair

hydrolyzed leather meal

poultry hatchery by-product

meat meal tankage

peanut hulls

ground almond shells

(*Association of American Feed Control Officials, 1998 Official Publication)

Simultaneously, this same regulatory agency prohibits the use of many proven beneficial natural ingredients that one can find readily available for human consumption such as bee pollen, glucosamine, L-carnitine, spirulina and many other nutraceuticals. It would be easy to conclude that reason does not rule when it comes to what officially can or cannot be used in pet foods.

From the regulators? standpoint, they operate from the simplistic nutritional idea that the value of food has to do with percentages and that there is no special merit to any particular ingredient. They deny the tens of thousands of scientific research articles proving that the kind of ingredient and its quality can make all the difference in terms of health. They also are silent about the damaging effect of food processing and the impact of time, light, heat, oxygen and packaging on nutritional and health value.

So regulators are certainly not the place to go to determine how to feed pets for health. For their way of thinking, as long as a packaged food achieves certain percentages, regardless of ingredients, the manufacturer can claim the food is 100% complete. Pet owners then proceed to confidently feed such guaranteed foods at every meal thinking all the while they are doing the right thing for their pet. This old school nutritional view is standard practice in human hospitals as well where official dieticians feed diseased and metabolically starved patients a fare of jello, instant potatoes, powdered eggs, white flour rolls and oleomargarine because their charts say such diets contain the correct percentages of certain nutrients. Hospitals are a good place to go if you want to get sick!

The 100% Complete Myth

Consumers are increasingly becoming alert to the value of more natural foods. Everyone intuitively knows that the closer the diet is to real, fresh, wholesome foods, the better the chance that good health will result. Unfortunately, people do not apply this same common sense to pet foods. Instead they purchase ”100% complete” processed foods, perhaps even going the extra mile and selecting ”super premium” or ”natural” brands, thinking they are doing the best that can be done. They surrender their mind to a commercial ploy (100% completeness) and do to their pets what they would never do to themselves or their family – eat the same packaged product at every meal, day in and day out. No processed food can be ”100% complete” because there is not a person on the planet who has 100% knowledge of nutrition. The claim on its face is absurd. Understanding this simple principle is more important than any pet food formulation regardless of the merits of its ingredients. Everything that follows will begin with that premise, i.e., no food should be fed exclusively on a continuous basis no matter what the claims of completeness or ingredient quality.

Genetics Is The Key

Pets need the food they are biologically adapted to. It’s a matter of context. Just as a fish needs to be in water to stay healthy, a pet needs its natural food milieu to be healthy. All creatures must stay true to their design. What could be more obvious or simple? For a carnivore the correct genetic match is prey, carrion and incidental fresh plant material, and even some fur and feathers, as well as the occasional surprise of unmentionables found in decaying matter. It’s not a pretty picture to think that ”FiFi” with her pink bow and polished toenails would stoop to such fare, but that is precisely the food she is designed to eat. Since that is her design, matching food to that design (minus the more disgusting and unnecessary elements) is also the key to her health.

The Disease Price

We may prefer to feed a packaged, sterile, steam- cleaned, dried, farinaceous chunk cleverly shaped like a pork chop, but let’s not kid ourselves, that is not the food a pet is designed for….regardless of the claims about ingredients on the label making one think it is five-star restaurant fare. Pets may tolerate such food for a time, but in the end nature calls to account. The price to be paid is lost health in the form of susceptibility to infections, dental disease, premature aging, obesity, heart and organ disease, diabetes, cancer, arthritis and other cruel and painful chronic degenerative diseases. Because our pets are not out in the rigors of nature where they would quickly succumb to such conditions and end their misery, they languish in our protected homes and under veterinary care that does not usually cure but merely treats symptoms and extends the time of suffering. That suffering begins with the way in which we are feeding our pets, not the ingredients in a supposed 100% complete pet food.

The Perfect Food

What is the solution? It is simple and something I have been preaching for the past 25 years. Return pets to their environmental roots. They need – daily – interesting activity, fresh air, clean water, romps in nature, lots of love, and food as close to the form they would find in the wild as possible. Fresh, whole natural foods fit for a carnivore and fed in variety are as good as it can get. Anything less than that is a compromise. Compromise the least if health is the goal. (Same principle applies to you and your family.) To get a packaged food as close as possible to that goal requires the right starting philosophy of feeding (described above) and the expertise to design and manufacture such foods.

Enter The Profiteers

Elements of these principles (often distorted or misunderstood) have been taken up by an endless line of pet food entrepreneurs. The low fat craze led to low fat pet foods. The high fiber craze led to high fiber pet foods. The ”no corn, wheat or soy” craze led to no corn, wheat or soy pet foods. The ”omega- 3” craze led to pet foods with fish oil. The ?variety? craze led to pet foods supposedly offering variety. The ”four food groups” craze led to all four bundled into a package. The ”raw” craze has led to raw frozen pet foods. The list is endless and the race for pet owner dollars is at a fever pitch.

One can only feel sympathy for a concerned pet owner as they stroll along the huge array of pet food options in pet food aisles. Unfortunately, armed with only sound bites and lore they may have heard from a friend, breeder, veterinarian or on a commercial, they make choices that not only do not serve the health of their pet but may directly contribute to weakened immunity and disease.

The first thing consumers should keep in mind is the ideal diet for pets as described above. No packaged product regardless of its wild claims is ever going to equal that. The next best thing is to home prepare fresh meals. (Contact Wysong for recipes and instruction.) If that is not always possible, then products should be selected that are as close to the ideal as possible. (More suggestions below.)

Raw Frozen Pet Food Dangers

At first glance, considering the perfect feeding model I have described – raw, natural, whole – the best food may seem to be one of the raw frozen pet foods now clamoring to capture the ”raw” craze. I’m sorry to say that some of these purveyors even use my books and literature to convince pet owners that their frozen products are on track. They take bits and pieces of good information and distort it into something that pretty much misses the point and misleads consumers. Also, these exotic frozen mixtures of ingredients of unknown origin, manufacturing and freezing conditions are most certainly not economical nor the best choice. They may, because of the water content and raw state, be outright dangerous.

[The Case Against Raw Frozen Pet Foods]

Natural And Organic

At second glance then, it may appear that the next best thing would be one of the many ”natural,” ”organic” and ”human-grade” dried or canned brands that are now flooding the market. Between these and the frozen food products, ingredient labels start to look outright ridiculous. For example, these are from some typical labels:

Every manner of ”pureed” vegetable

Organic beef, rabbit, chicken, turkey, goat, lamb, duck, pork

Organic eggs

Organic honey

Organic papaya, persimmons, blueberries, oranges, apples, pears

Organic yogurt

Organic alfalfa, millet, quinoa and barley sprouts

Wheat grass

Bok Choy

Cultured kefir

Cod liver oil


Everything but the kitchen sink is put in so as not to risk losing any customer … and that would be in there too if a new myth appeared about the special health attributes of porcelain. I say the list is ridiculous not because such ingredients may not be wonderfully nutritious but because the consumer does not really know what part of the ingredient is being put in, in what form, how it is being protected from degradation and toxin formation and, as you will see below, the economic math does not add up. Additionally, feeding complex mixtures of foods (grains, meats, vegetables, fruit, dairy, etc.) at every meal is a digestive stress. Pets need a break once in a while and should have just a meat meal, a slice of watermelon or whatever fits their fancy, all alone so their digestive tract can focus and they can relish the flavor of an actual food.

Although the idea of organic agriculture is excellent, the use of the ”organic” name just for marketing isn’t. Something may be labeled organic to entice customers but only contain a small percentage of organic (see below). Or, it may be that the particular organic ingredient may be of low nutritional merit – chicken heads, feet and feathers can be ”organic.” Regardless, even if the food is 100% organic prime rib, that is not an argument for the exclusive feeding of the food to pets.

Human Grade

Then there are claims about ”USDA approved” ingredients, ”human grade” ingredients and ingredients purchased right out of the meat counter at the grocery store. Again, at first glance – and superficiality is what marketers like to deal with – it may seem that such foods would have merit over others. But such labels only create a perception of quality. People would not consider the food pets are designed for in the wild – whole, raw prey and carrion – ”human grade” or ”USDA approved.” Because something is not ”human grade” does not mean it is not healthy or nutritious. For example, chicken viscera is not ”human grade” but carries more nutritional value than a clean white chicken breast. Americans think that chicken feet would not be fit for human consumption but many far eastern countries relish them. On the other hand, ”human grade” beef steaks fed to pets could cause serious nutritional imbalances and disease if fed exclusively. Pet foods that create the superficial perception of quality (USDA, human grade, etc.) with the intent of getting pet owners to feed a particular food exclusively is not what health is about.

There are also the larger concerns of the Earth’s dwindling food resources and swelling population. Should ”human grade” food products be taken out of the mouths of people and fed to pets with all of the excellent nutritional non-”human grade” ingredients put in the garbage?

Think about the humane aspect of converting all pet food to ”human grade.” Millions of tons of pet foods are produced each year. Should cows, pigs, sheep, fish, chickens and other sentient creatures be raised and slaughtered for these foods? Or should the perfectly good and nutritious by-products from human meat processing be used rather than wasted? Why would caring and sensitive pet owners and pet food producers want other creatures – that are themselves capable of being pets – needlessly raised in factory farm confinement and slaughtered when alternative sources of meat are available?

Pet Nutrition Is Serious Health Science

Pet nutrition is not about marketing and who can make the most money quickly. Unfortunately an aspiring pet food mogul off the street can go to any number of private label manufacturers and have a new brand made. These manufacturers have many stock formulas that can be slightly modified to match the current market trend. Voil?! A new pet food wonder brand is created.

Pet foods are about pet nutrition, and nutrition is a serious health matter. There is an implied ethic in going to market with products that can so seriously impact health. But the ethic is by and large absent in the pet food industry. Starting with the 100% claim and on to all the fad driven brands that glut the shelves, health is not being served. Nobody other than our organization is teaching people the principles I am discussing here. Instead, companies headed by people with no real technical, nutritional, food processing or health skills put themselves out to the public as serious about health … because that is what the public wants to hear and what sells. Never mind whether producers really understand or can implement healthy principles. The fa?ade sells and selling is the game. Ingredients are important, true, but not less important than the expertise and principles of the producer who is choosing them, preparing, storing, processing and packaging them. Consumers place a lot of trust that nondescript processed nuggets are what consumers are being led to believe they are. Many a slip can occur between the cup and the lip. There are many slips that can occur between the cup of commercial claims and what ends up in the lips of the pet food bowl.

Consumer Blame

The consumer is not without guilt in this unfortunate – steady diet of processed pet food – approach to pet feeding. They want everything easy and inexpensive. They don’t want to learn or have to expend too much effort, and they want something simple to base decisions on like: ”corn, wheat and soy are evil,” or ”USDA approved,” or ”human grade” or ”organic is good.” They also want something for nothing and think they can get it in a pet food. People want prime choice meats, organic and fresh foods all wrapped up tidy in an easy open, easy pour package, hopefully for 50 cents a pound. They may even pay $1 or a little more if the producer can convince them about how spectacular their product is or how much cancer their pet will get if they choose another brand.

Doing The Math

Now when I go to the grocer or health food store and find these types of ingredients in raw, unprocessed, fresh packaged form, I don’t see hardly anything for $1 a pound, let alone 50 cents. Some of the organic meats are more than $15 a pound! Something’s afoul. But people are just not putting two and two together. How could a producer buy such expensive ingredients (as they are leading the public to believe they do) transport them to their ”human grade” factory, grind, mix, extrude, retort, freeze, package, ship, advertise and pay salespeople and hefty margins to distributors, brokers and retailers and then sell them at retail for less than the cost of the bare starting materials? They can’t. So obviously manufactured pet foods making such claims are misleading (to put it gently). They may have organic filet mignon and caviar in the food but it would have to be an inconsequential sprinkle at best. Consumers must do the math and get realistic in their expectations.

Are By-Products Evil?

In the processing of human foods there are thousands of tons of by-products that cannot be readily sold to humans. Does that make them useless or even inferior? No. Such by-products could include trimmings, viscera, organs, bones, gristle and anything else that humans do not desire. Should these perfectly nutritious items be buried in a landfill? As I mentioned above, while Earth’s resources continue to decline and people starve around the globe, should we feed our pets only ”human grade” foods and let perfectly edible – and sometimes even more nutritious – by-products go to waste? How is that conscionable or justifiable for either the consumer or the producer?

Road Kill and Euthanized Pets

This shift to ”human grade” for pet foods is partly due to a variety of myths that have gotten much stronger legs than they deserve. Lore has spread in the marketplace that road kill and euthanized pets are used in pet foods. I have never seen the proof for this outrageous claim and after twenty years surveying ingredient suppliers I have never found a supplier of such. However, fantastic myths easily get life and the more fantastic they are the more life they have. It’s the intellectually lazy way and what lies at the root of so much misery. Sloppy superficial thinking is what leads to racism, sexism, religious persecution and wars. People would like to think the world is sharply divided into right-wrong, good-evil, black-white. Marketers capitalize on this by trying to create such sharp distinctions for consumers to easily grab on to: human grade = good/all others = evil; organic = right/all others = wrong; rice = white/corn and wheat = black. Such simplistic and na?ve distinctions are quick and simple for advertisers and salespeople to use to sway public opinion. But nobody stepping back and using common sense would ever think that something as complex as health could ever come from what is or is not in a processed bag of food. Reality is not black or white; it is in shades of gray. Grayness requires some knowledge, judgment and discernment before making choices. It’s a little more work but is what we all must do if the world is ever to be a better place and people and pet health are to improve.

Digests, Meals And Other Boogeymen

Many producers attempt to sell their products by claiming they contain no ”digests” or ”meals.” The idea is that these are wicked ingredients and consumers should stay away from all products that contain them. A digest is a product created when enzymes break down foods. After you eat a meal and it is subjected to the acids and enzymes in the digestive tract it becomes a ”digest.” Fermented (digested) foods made from soy, dairy and vegetables are among the most nutritious of all foods. Some ”primitive” peoples bury food in the ground to rot and ferment and then uncover it later to consume it with great savor and nutritional benefit. Scavengers survive, and survive quite well, on fermenting, rotting and digesting foods. Meats, organs and trimmings can be likewise digested in vats creating both liquid and dried forms of commercial pet food digests. Being predigested they are highly concentrated and nutritionally efficient. If we are to listen to the taste buds of pets they would vote yes on digests since they find them highly palatable.

A ”meal” is a food product that has been ground, mixed and dried. Meals are often used in pet foods because they are stable, easily transported, stored and handled. Dried pet foods themselves are ground, mixed and dried meals. So that makes an interesting dilemma for those who promote their products as having no meals. As far as processed pet food ingredients go, meals and digests can have their merits. There are degrees of quality as there are with any ingredient. There may be better options such as using fresh whole ingredients, but focusing on finding a product without digests or meals and feeding it exclusively is not the key to health. Given in sufficient dose, anything can be toxic and dangerous, even water and oxygen. Healthy food is a mixed bag of variety, form, preparation, quality, balance … and reason, not fear mongering or sensationalism.

There is concern about dead, dying, downed (disabled) or diseased (4D) animals being used in pet foods. Other than the fact that this just does not ”sound” like wholesome food, there is the concern that these animals may contain drugs or communicable pathogens (although this can be true of ”human grade” ingredients as well). My point here will not be to defend unwholesome or dangerous meats but to give some perspective. As you are learning in this paper, just about every marketing angle used by pet food manufacturers is more sensationalism than it is substance. What does a carnivore eat in the wild? Is their diet only the strongest, most robust, fastest, healthiest and most elusive prey? Of course not. They seek and primarily feed upon the dead, dying, down and diseased – 4D prey. That’s exactly what humans who are alone in the wild, faced with survival, seek as well. Also, consider this, one of the largest markets for 4D meat is racing greyhounds. Not only are 4D meats fed, they are fed raw. Would kennels that make their living on the athletic performance of their animals feed foods that diseased their superstars or did not create results? These owners could buy commercial concoctions not containing 4D meat at the same price or less, but they don’t. There’s a reason.

If a cow breaks a leg in the field and is down, should it be killed and hauled to a landfill? How about a chicken breast that was bruised on the processing line? Should they all be taken to a landfill because they might be called ”4D,” ”by-products” or ”non- human grade?” What is the ethic in discarding a creature that has in essence sacrificed its life for food? That’s not how nature does it. Nothing is wasted.

But the supposed evilness of ”4D” makes great marketing fodder and soap boxes for some who need a cause or a conspiracy to promote. People don’t like the sound of ”4D,” ” by-products,” or ”non-human grade.” Producers know this and play to it. Thus begins the race to see who can get to market first with ”USDA approved” and ”human grade” pet food labels. Whether it really has anything to do with health is not important. Perception and propaganda create profits.

(To put such fear mongering in perspective, consider that over 500,000 people [proportionate numbers in animals], the equivalent of more than five per day of our largest jet liners packed full, die each year as a result of modern medical measures [doctors, drugs, hospitals]. Yet we hear more fear and commotion about boogeyman food ingredients that rarely, if ever, take a life. You figure it.

[Why Modern Medicine Is the Greatest Threat To Life]

To repeat, none of this is intended to diminish the need for wholesome and nutritious ingredients for pets or humans. But the buzzwords currently bandied about – ”human grade,” ”4D,” ”by-products,” ”USDA approved” and the like – do not provide the proper criteria for decision making and only mislead consumers into thinking health and good nutrition are only a phrase on a package away.

What To Do

How do concerned pet owners wanting to cut through all the marketing clutter negotiate a path? It is very simple if the basic principles I have discussed above are kept in mind. Here are tips on how to implement an intelligent health and feeding philosophy:

1. Learn how to feed fresh food. Alternate these with honest processed foods fed in variety, and complement these foods with well- designed supplements.

[How To Apologize To Your Pet]

Don’t get all particular and paranoid about balancing nutrients and ingredient do’s and don’ts. Rotate, vary, mix it up and fast once in a while. Trust in nature, not some marketing hype. (Use the same principles for yourself and your family if you want optimal health as well.)

2. If you must have human grade or organic foods for your pet, go buy the real thing at the grocery meat counter. Take it home, cut it up and feed it raw. Freeze the remainder into small meal portions and use them for subsequent meals. Don’t turn your brain off and go buy ”organic” or ”human grade” pet foods that for their cost could only contain hints of the real thing. Pet food manufacturers may be clever at marketing, but they are not magicians. One thing is certain; they do not buy ingredients and then sell them to you for less than what they buy them for.

3. Use appropriately designed supplements such as Call Of The Wild? and Wild Things? to balance raw meals and help make them safe if you are not skilled at such meal preparation.

4. The best raw, processed food alternative to fresh foods from the grocer is non-thermally processed dry foods – not raw frozen ones. (See Wysong Archetype?.) Use this food for alternate meals and as top dressing to heat processed foods.

5. Check the credentials of the person making the decisions in the company whose products you buy. Don’t go to a plumber for brain surgery and don’t expect serious healthy products from business people.

6. Steer away from brands that are pushing any particular hot buttons such as ”natural,” ”no by- products,” exotic ingredients (quail eggs, watermelon, persimmons, etc.), organic, omega-3, rice and the like. Although these features may bring some merit to a food (if they are put in at other than ”pinch” levels), they are not an end in themselves and if the packaged food is fed exclusively can cause more harm than good.

7. Steer away from brands that fear monger. For example, there is the no corn or wheat scam – ”buy our brand; it has no corn or wheat.” (Just saying a product has ”no” something is enough to scare the non-thinking public to the brand that doesn’t have the boogeyman ingredient. Profiteers know this and play it to the hilt in the pet food industry.) The truth is, grains are put in dried nugget foods because they contain the starch necessary for the extrusion process. Starch is pretty much starch regardless of whether it comes from corn, wheat, rice, potatoes, millet or whatever. Grains also help decrease the cost of pet foods. They contribute some nutrition but in a properly formulated meat-based pet food the majority of the nutritional value comes from the meat. It is true that animals may develop allergy to corn or wheat but that can happen with rice or any other grain or ingredient as well. Problems are prevented by varying the diet. That is why Wysong has developed the range of formulations it has and puts them in small portion packs so the foods can be rotated. Of all the Wysong formulations, the ones with corn are chosen on almost a 5:1 ratio over all others and are the diets we receive the thousands of raves about, even in those pets supposedly allergic to corn!

[Wysong Testimonials]

This is not to tout the merit of corn, or any grain in pet food for that matter. They are sort of a necessary evil in dried extruded foods and any of them can bring some benefit if rotated in the diet.

8. Do not feed any product exclusively. Variety is the spice of nutrition and the road to good health.

9. Features to look for in a packaged product would be those that bring the product close to the raw-whole-fresh-natural standard described above: active enzymes, probiotics cultures, natural preservation and protection against food-borne pathogens, proper packaging, intelligent formulation and balance, micronutrient dense, freshly produced, fresh ingredients – and the expertise to do all of this, not just say so on a package or brochure. (Some brands trying to get on the raw food bandwagon make outright false claims about ”cold” processing.)

10. The company should be able to intelligently explain what they are doing in terms of processing, packaging, product preservation and prevention of food-borne pathogens. It is one thing to simply put a certain ingredient into a food, quite another to protect it until it is consumed. For example, Wysong owns its own manufacturing facilities in order to go beyond industry standard techniques. Special portion pack, light- and oxygen- barrier bags, modified atmosphere flush and natural ingredients to prevent oxidation and food- borne pathogens are part of all Wysong products. (See technical monographs on Packaging, Antioxidants and Wyscin?.)

11. Most important, learn. Support a company that helps you learn the truth and teaches you how to be at least somewhat independent of commercial products. Demand that producers provide proof for their claims in the form of good logic, evidence and science. Try to discern the company’s true motives, your pocketbook or your pet’s health. Learn how to go beyond The Pet Food Ingredient Game.

Dr. Wysong: A former veterinary clinician and surgeon, college instructor in human anatomy, physiology and the origin of life, inventor of numerous medical, surgical, nutritional, athletic and fitness products and devices, research director for the present company by his name and founder of the philanthropic Wysong Institute. Also check out

Microwave Ovens & Healthfulness Of Microwaved Food

While there is not enough evidence to require warning labels on microwave ovens, or to remove them from the market, there is concern both about the safety of our exposure to microwaves and the healthfulness of microwaved food.


Even microwave ovens that are functioning perfectly emit microwaves. Safety standards set by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) allow microwave emissions of up to one milliwatt per square centimeter (1mW/cm2) when the oven is purchased, and up to 5mW/cm2 after the oven has been in use. Studies on industrial exposure recommend that daily exposure should not exceed one milliwatt for more than one minute. Average home use of microwave ovens far exceed this.

Workers who are exposed to microwaves on the job experience headaches, fatigue, irritability, sleep disturbances and other symptoms.


Advocates of microwaved food claim that it is healthier because it retains vitamins, but the University of Minnesota disagrees:

“Microwaves … are not recommended for heating a baby’s bottle…Heating the bottle in a microwave can cause slight changes in the milk. In infant formulas, there may be a loss of some vitamins. In expressed breast milk, some protective properties may be destroyed…. Warming a bottle by holding it under tap water or by setting it in a bowl of warm water…is much safer”.

If heating formula in a microwave can cause it to lose vitamins and protective properties in breast milk to be destroyed, then it can do the same to the foods we eat. While the effects may not be immediately observable, a regular diet of microwaved food may have long-term health consequences.

Two Swiss researchers found that microwave cooking changes food nutrients significantly. Blood samples taken from eight individuals immediately after eating microwaved food revealed, among other things, an increase in the number of white blood cells–often a sign of poisoning.

Safety tips for using microwave ovens

I personally have never had a microwave oven in my own kitchen and am finding that it had been difficult to get people to give up their microwave ovens. Some of the generation who grew up with microwave ovens apparently don’t know any other way to heat food (really!).

If you choose to use a microwave oven, Consumer Reports magazine suggests you stay as far as possible from the oven while it is in operation.

In addition, operate and maintain the oven in ways that minimize leakage:

* make sure the oven door closes properly
* prevent damage to hinges, latches, sealing surfaces and the door itself, and make sure these are in good working order
* make sure no soil or food residues accumulate around the door seal
* avoid placing objects between the sealing surfaces.

For peace of mind, test your oven for leakage. Testers can be purchased online.

When cooking in a microwave, use heat-resistant glass, not plastic. The Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) of the USDA warns against using foam trays, plastic wraps, and cold-storage containers such as margarine tubs, whipped-topping bowls and cottage cheese cartons. According to the FSIS flyer “A Microwave Handbook,” these containers “are not heat stable at high temperatures. They can melt or warp from the food’s heat, possible causing chemicals to migrate into the food.”

Read more about microwave ovens, the healthfulness of microwaved food, and where to purchase microwave oven testers at

Hailed as “The Queen of Green” by the New York Times, Debra Lynn Dadd has been a consumer advocate for products and lifestyle choices that are better for health and the environment since 1982. Visit her website– –for 100s of links to 1000s of nontoxic, natural and earthwise products, and to sign up for her free email newsletters.

Bright Career Opportunities in 3D Animation and Visual Effects

There is an increase in demand for 3D Animation and Visual Effects professionals. The growth of the Entertainment and Gaming industry led to this demand. Animation and Visual Effects have been embraced by technical areas like automobile engineering, aerospace engineering, civil, pharmaceutical, medicine and architecture as well.

A career in Animation and Visual effects is for those who have a creative mind and a soaring imagination. Besides being creative, one needs a professional degree in 3D Animation and Visual Effects. Courses are available world wide to pursue masters in this.

Some of the disciplines in this profession are visual effects artist, texture artist, technical director, lighting artist, pre-visualisation artist, character animator and modeller. Whatever area one chooses to pursue, knowledge in traditional arts and animation skills on computer is the foundation. So, one begins with these courses.

Professionals in 3D Animation and Visual Effects can find work in video game design, motion picture effects, DVD production, internet site design as well as ad design, television broadcast animation, and for entertainment like music concerts, comedy shows, and amusement rides that requires animation.

There will also be plenty of openings for education, corporate, health care, and governmental operations, including office training films, trade shows, and flight training video, and college course animations broadcast in the classroom or through web streaming video. This certainly does reflect the massive demand for 3d artists and animators in a variety of field.

Some of the top schools providing professional degree and hands on training in 3D Animation and Visual Effects are

* National Institute of Design – Ahmedabad, India
* E-dutainment Unlimited-Mumbai, India
* Nanyang Tecnological University-Singapore
* Hongik University, Korea
* Gnomon Institute of visual effects, USA
* Vancouver Film School, Canada
* California Institute of the Arts, USA
* School of Visual Arts, USA
* University of The Arts, USA
* Rhode Island School of design, USA
* Royal College of Art, UK
* National Film and Television School, UK
* Filmakademie Baden-Wuerttemburg, Germany

Some of the graduates from these schools work in Disney, Pixar, DreamWorks skg, Blue Sky Studio and Nickelodeon. These the best places to end up after the formal training in 3D Animation and Visual Effects.

There are plenty of job opportunities if you hold a professional degree in Animation and Visual Effects. You can find work any where in the world.

Copyright ? Ryan Mutt, All Rights Reserved. If you want to use this article on your website or in your ezine, make all the urls (links) active.

Read SAP ERP Software Review to get more advantages and disadvantages of SAP ERP. Know Self Employment Ideas to multiple income streams. Also read the Feng Shui Career Tips to achieve your dream career.

What are the bends and how can it be treated?

When the shifts were completed and the workers would emerge from the tunnels, many would be seen to be bent over double in considerable pain ? hence the term ?the bends.?

During every dive, the diver is breathing compressed breathing gases at the chosen depth for the duration of the dive.

During this time elements of the gas are absorbed into the diver?s tissues ? the rate being dependent on a number of factors such as the depth, the gas in question, the time spent at depth and so on.? This dissolved gas has to come out later on and if all goes to plan ? a controlled ascent, followed by ?decompression stops? where the diver continues to breath their diving gas at a specified depth to for several minutes – the dissolved gas generally has enough time to dissolve back into the bloodstream, pass through the lungs and be expired.

Problems can occur though if there is just too great a gas load and the diver cannot get rid of enough of it during the ascent.? Equipment failure at depth, or any other problems encountered which lead to a rapid ascent increase the likelihood of suffering decompression illness dramatically ? as the body has not had the opportunity to rid itself of the dissolved gases.

Tiny bubbles are present following all dives, but there is a point at which either the number of bubbles present and/or their size, is enough to cause symptoms.? What symptoms are experienced will in large part depend on amount and position of those bubbles, which are of course numerous.

What causes decompression illness (the bends)?

Common causes of decompression illness are:

Rapid ascents ? as a result of tangling with surface marker buoys (SMB?s), problems with buoyancy control in dry suits, running out of air etc
Staying too long at depth ? with resulting increased gas load
Missing planned decompression stops
Equipment problems
Bounce diving ? repeated ascents/descents increase risk
How can decompression illness (the bends) be treated?

Ultimately, decompression illness is treated in hyperbaric chambers.? Once assessed, a diver will be placed inside a hyperbaric chamber where the pressure will be increased, they will be ?recompressed.?

As the pressure is increased the offending gas bubbles reduce in size.? This in itself is often enough to promote an improvement in the diver?s symptoms.? Oxygen or oxygen rich gases are breathed, which depends on treatment depth.? This, combined with the reduction in bubble sizes, allows the diver to quickly get rid of dissolved gas bubbles, as well as helping repair any damage they may have caused.

Treatment itself consists of several hours inside a hyperbaric chamber, with oxygen or other gas breathing sessions interspersed with ?air breaks?.? Slow controlled ascents are used throughout the treatment where required by the protocol.?

Divers are assessed throughout the treatment to monitor progress and if treated rapidly following the dive, one treatment is usually all that is required.? In some cases, either those involving spinal decompression illness or delay to recompression, one or more further short treatment tables of around 90 minutes may be required.

A final medical review is carried out and as long as a full recovery has been made, divers are usually advised that a return to diving will be possible after 4 to 6 weeks ? though local policies vary.? In some cases divers may be advised to have follow up checks, or potentially even advised not to dive again if it is felt that it is not safe to do so.

Keith McGregor is a partner of Strawberrysoup, a web design agency with offices in Chichester and Bournemouth. Strawberrysoup specialise in creative web design, content managed websites, search engine optimisation, search engine marketing and graphic design

What causes breast growth in young males? Young boys?

According to an article published in the Miami Herals, the maker of Risperdal? admitted to hiding its risks. In an article by Carol Marbin Miller,, Janssen, the maker of the billion-dollar antipsychotic medication Risperdal?, acknowledged that it misled doctors and other healthcare providers about the safety of its product, minimizing potentially deadly side effects.

Risperdal, has often been prescribed to Florida children in state care, including to a handful of boys who developed lactating breasts after taking it. Janssen Pharmaceutica wrote a two-page letter to doctors, warning them that the company, in promotional material, had ’’minimized potentially fatal risks, and made misleading claims’’ that the medication was more safe in treating mental illness than other drugs in the same category.

Risperdal?, a drug used to combat schizophrenia and other types of psychotic disorders, earned Janssen about $2.1 billion in annual sales. The drug is prescribed to more than 10 million people worldwide and has been used since 1994.

In 2001, The Herald published a series of stories about the common use of Risperdal? among children in state care, indicating that the drug was be overused (abused) as a ’’chemical restraint’’ on children whose unruly behavior was a frustration to caretakers.

’’I had clients who were displaying severe side effects, and I tried to alert the Department of Children & Families both as to the local problem and the growing national concern about a range of psychotropic medications, Risperdal? and other antipsychotics in particular,’’ said Coral Springs attorney and children’s advocate Andrea Moore.

’’This whole psychotropic drug issue is a problem for us,’’ said Broward Circuit Judge John A. Frusciante, referring to Risperdal? and others. ”It’s a very scary area to be in, because we know medication can be a tremendous help for a number of children. But we also know that there are risks to the children who are taking these medications.’’

Antoinette R. Appel, a Plantation neuropsychologist, studied the records of about 50 South Florida foster children who had been prescribed Risperdal?. She said many of the children developed severe side-effects, including obesity, lethargy, lack of concentration, hormonal disorders and the inappropriate development of secondary sexual characteristics, such as lactating breasts in boys or young girls.

A high profile case involved a Florida Supreme Court ruling that child welfare authorities cannot lock up foster kids in psychiatric hospitals without a hearing. This hearing, involving a child identified as ?M.W.?, dealt with a boy who had developed lactating breasts after doctors forced him to take Risperdal, court records show. is a site designed to provide parents of children with Gynecomastia and other side effects from Risperdal with resources that help them make informed decisions.

What Is the Technology Behind a Touch Screen?

In fact, the technology behind the touch screen can actually traced right back to the 1940’s but it was only two decades later that it actually became feasible to use on a large scale.


ATM’s have been using technology since 1965 which is when E.A. Johnson invented the first finger-driven touch screen that actually used the same capacitive touch mechanism that is still used in cell phones and other devices to this day.


Although there are other types of touch screen technology such as resistive touch or multi touch technology, capacitive touch technology is the one that is preferred for mass produced consumer products.


How is a Capacitive Touch Screen Made?


Today, a capacitive touch screen works through the use of an ITO touch film that is attached to the screen. This touch film is basically a semiconductor that has been printed out using semiconductor manufacturing methods such as roll to roll processing which uses a roll to roll evaporator system to create an electronic device on a flexible plastic.


A roll to roll evaporator system from industry leading manufacturers are able to mass produce ITO touch film that can be used on various devices such as smart phones, LCD or LED screens, tablets, and PC monitors.???


Roll to roll technology is the preferred method over other technologies such as roll to plate and plate to plate technologies due to it offering a continuous process and higher throughput than the others. That ITO touch film is then programmed using software that enables us to give our devices instructions through the use of our fingers on the screen.


In fact, semiconductor manufacturing processes such as the roll to roll evaporator system are used for many other products too, such as solar panels, cameras, and printers.




So now you have a basic idea of where technology came from and the technology that is used to produce the semiconductor film that is used on touch screens today. Without machines that use a roll to roll evaporator system, we would not be able to enjoy the many touch screen devices that are available to us today.

Rosario Berry is a professional freelance writer, like to introduce Advanced Technologies. A Roll to Roll Evaporator System?from industry leading manufacturers are able to mass produce ITO touch film that can be used on various devices such as smart phones, LCD or LED screens, tablets, and PC monitors.